Opening Times: 9.00am - 2.40pm
Telephone: +353 (0)42 937 4443

1949 Armistice Agreement Palestine

The four agreements also provide for a dispute resolution and monitoring mechanism. The United Nations established a ceasefire monitoring organization (ONUTSO) consisting of a corps of officers from different countries, whose headquarters are located in a no man`s land in Jerusalem and which has the authority to investigate complaints of PDO violations. Such complaints have also been reviewed by joint ceasefire commissions, chaired by a senior UN official. Complaints of serious violations were referred by the parties to the UN Security Council, which based its deliberations on the reports of the CHIEF of staff of the ONUTSO. A list of 29 complaints is mentioned in the report of 27 October 1953 by the Chief of Staff of the Organization of the Ceasefire Organization. [18] See Appendix I, II and II for a tabular list of complaints filed by Israel and Jordan at the MAC, the number of convictions imposed on each country as a result of Mac-mac investigations by Jordan was presented on 6 April 1954. [22] These alleged violations include alleged Jordanian attacks on an Israeli civilian bus, 11 people killed (see above, 17 March), attacks on Israeli peasants and Bedouins, snipers of Israeli civilians in Jerusalem`s Old City, kidnappings, shooting at civilian aircraft, street attacks and mines. [22] In violation of the agreements, Jordanians denied Jewish access to Jerusalem`s holy sites, banned visits to Rachel`s tomb, and destroyed the Jewish cemetery at Mount of Olives using tombstones for the construction of pavers and latrines. [23][24] The Uja al-Hafeer demilitarized zone on the Israeli-Egyptian border has been the scene of numerous border incidents and ceasefire violations. In September 1955, Ariel Sharon`s paratroopers entered the area of the United Nations Demilitarized Zone.

Benny Morris writes that Sharon “did not realize that the territory of the United Nations was out of control for her men.” [25] On 28 May 1958, Israel reported a shooting in the demilitarized zone of Mount Scopus, in which four Israeli policemen patrolling the botanical gardens of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem were killed by Jordanian fire in Issawiya with the United Nations observer sent to evacuate. [26][27] Israel sent soldiers to Jordanian territory for raids in retaliation for incursions by armed persons into Israel. [Citation required] From their positions on the Golan Heights, Syrian troops shelled Israeli settlements in the demilitarized zone, attacked fishing boats on the Kinneret and shot at agricultural workers. [28] Shalev, Aryeh. The Israeli-Syrian ceasefire regime, 1949-1955. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1993. The first GAA was signed on 24 February 1949 by Colonel Mohammad Ibrahim Sayf el-Din for Egypt and Walter Eytan for Israel on the Greek island of Rhodes. It provided, among other things, for large demilitarized zones in the Nitzana-AbuAgayla sector.

On the other hand, the rights of Israeli navigation through the Suez Canal and the Tiran Strait have not been defined. Israel considered that the closure of these waterways was incompatible with international law and ceasefire rules and repeatedly drew the attention of the UN Security Council to the blockade of Suez. But neither the support received in the form of UN Security Council Resolution 95 (1951) nor the military achievements of the 1956 Sinai campaign were successful in changing Egypt`s opinion, and the blockade in the canal lasted thirty years.