The economic slowdown caused by the COVID 19 pandemic is expected to result in a 13-17% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions in the UK in 2020 compared to 2019 levels. As a result, it is now possible for the United Kingdom to meet its 2030 climate target, which under the current policy must be reduced by 57% from 1990 levels. However, this target was reset in 2016 and is not compatible with achieving the net zero target for 2050. After leaving the EU at the beginning of 2020, the UK is no longer bound to the EU`s target and must present its own, an ideal opportunity to formalise a stronger domestic policy target in line with its 2050 target and a new chance to play a global leadership role before COP26 next year. The Paris Agreement recognizes that climate change is a global problem and requires developed countries to release $100 billion in public and private funding per year (initially agreed at the UN climate change conference in Copenhagen) to help developing countries cope with the effects of climate change by at least 2025. The plan includes insulating homes and replacing gas boilers to ensure the country meets its climate targets. The climate coalition, which includes groups such as the National Trust, the RSPB and the Women`s Institute, is also calling on Johnson to increase foreign aid to countries vulnerable to the effects of the climate crisis; legislation to stop the importation of goods that destroy nature, such as goods from de-defiled areas; and force the Ministry of Finance to ensure that all government spending is consistent with the net zero target. The EU has been at the forefront of international efforts to combat climate change. It played an important role in mediating the Paris Agreement and continues to play a leading role at the global level. Following continued political pressure from the activist group Extinction Rebellion, the British government has agreed to the creation of a “citizens` assembly” on climate change in 2019.
This group of 110 citizens who met over four weekends in early 2020 to learn about climate change and how the UK can do it and to discuss how to meet the UK`s 2050 emissions target. The Assembly`s final report is expected to be available in September 2020 and to be used by six selected Committees of the House of Commons to serve as the basis for detailed work on the implementation of the Assembly`s recommendations. An interim letter revealed that 79% of Assembly members had decided or agreed that the government`s economic recovery would help achieve the net zero target by 2050. It is a response to a letter from Plan B on 7 July to Prime Minister Boris Johnson on official plans to deal with the climate emergency and, in particular, how the UK should restore the economy after the devastation of Covid.