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Sivar Agreement

The percentages presented show the share of public hospitals in all available public hospitals in each district that have already been integrated into the health surveillance system by September 2019. Closed public hospitals have been identified in agreement with local health authorities. The Sykes-Picot Agreement of 1916 divided the Middle East into areas of British and French influence and bypassed the borders of the modern Middle East. After the First World War, the Treaty of Sevres [PDF] signed in 1920 dissolved the Ottoman Empire and proposed the creation of an autonomous Kurdish state. Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the new head of the Turkish government, opposes Sevres. It was replaced in 1923 by the Treaty of Lausanne, negotiated with the new Turkish government, which omitted any reference to a Kurdish homeland. The Kurds, who once lived in Ottoman territories, are scattered across the newly demarcated borders of Iran, Iraq, Syria and Turkey and repeatedly revolt against their respective authorities. There was no general agreement among the Kurds on what the borders of Kurdistan should be, as the territories of the Kurdish colony and the political and administrative borders of the region are divided. [18] The contours of Kurdistan as a unit were proposed in 1919 by Erif Pasha, who represented the Society for the Reception of Kurdistan (Kondistan Teali Cemiyeti) at the Paris Peace Conference. He defined the region`s borders as follows: this system eventually collapsed due to disagreements between Sheikh Mahmoud and the British. The British, by their financial support, had created a fairly powerful Kurdish leader.

Sheikh Mahmoud developed a very opportunistic strategy towards the British. After building so much power in the region, Sheikh Mahmoud finally began a rebellion against the British after trying to contain his recalcitrant behavior. The sheikh and his disciples were defeated in June 1919. [7] However, this plan was revived in 1921, after the discovery of Kemalist troops who mingled with tribes south of the armistice line. British politicians have once again begun to support a large Kurdish rebellion against the Turks in order to counter their growing strength and influence in the region. This plan had many drawbacks. This would be negatively reflected in King Faisal of Iraq, as weapons would arrive in northern Kurdistan via Iraq. If the revolt were to fail, it was thought that the British in Iraq would face a massive number of Kurdish refugees. There has also been a continuing concern that the Kurdish leaders are unreliable and that the Kurdish forces will not be united. But the French had agreed with the government of Ankara on the basis of the National Pact and not the Treaty of Sevres. This happened after the Greeks probably seemed to lose to the Turks. France ceded much of its previously occupied country to southern Anatolia, providing Kemalists with the ideal rallying point to attack UK-occupied Iraq.