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Turkey-China Extradition Agreement

The threat of forced repatriation of Uighurs to Turkey was highlighted in an article published Wednesday by Axios, an online newsletter that revealed the Chinese government`s secret request to the Turkish government in 2016 to extradite a Uighur named Enver Turdi, who had leaked information about violations of the law in xuAR to RFA and exiled Uighur groups. It should be noted that Turkey and China signed a draft extradition treaty in 2017, but the Turkish parliament has not yet ratified it. Uighurs traditionally see Turkey as a haven and defender of their rights, but an extradition treaty signed in 2017 between Beijing and Ankara, although it has not been ratified, was submitted to the Grand National Assembly (TBMM) by Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan a year ago. Observers fear it will deliberately target Uighurs in the Muslim-majority nation with a view to forced return to China. The extradition requested called an Enver Turdi. He had shared with the Western press information about the mistreatment of the Chinese government. In 2015, the Chinese Embassy in Turkey refused to issue him a passport. As a result, he was unable to renew his temporary residence permit for Turkey. Two years later, Enver Turdi was transferred to a deportation centre and interrogated by the Turkish authorities. Turkel`s tweet was triggered by an explosive report published on 26 July by The Telegraph, a British newspaper, which described Ankara`s agreement on Beijing`s extradition requests against Chinese Uighur dissidents. A month earlier, the Axios news website also revealed a cache of Chinese documents proving that Beijing secretly requested the extradition of Uighur dissident Enver Turdi in 2016 and that Turkish authorities then harassed him.

NPR also reported in March on China`s “long arm” in Turkey and how turkish authorities urged a Uighur activist to “not speak out against China.” These presentations are part of the general model of Erdogan`s Uighur policy, which runs counter to the overwhelming sympathy of the Turkish public towards the Uighurs. Details: Enver Turdi, the man named in the extradition request, has been living in Turkey since early 2014, when he fled Xinjiang, a region in northwestern China where some 10 million Uighurs, a Turk-speaking ethnic minority, live. The People`s Republic of China and Turkey signed a cultural cooperation agreement in November 1993. Exchange programs include sports, education and current events. [46] Turkish President Abdullah Gul is the first Turkish president to visit China in 14 years with his official visit from 24 to 29 June 2009. [22][23] Gul stated that one of the main objectives of his visit was to stimulate economic relations. In Beijing, Gul held talks with his Chinese counterpart Hu Jintao and participated in an economic forum between Turkey and China. [25] As a result of these meetings, seven cooperation agreements were signed between the two countries in the fields of energy, banking, finance and culture. After Beijing, Gul visited Xi`an and received an honorary doctorate from Xian Northwest University. [27] In the third leg of his trip to China, Gul Shenzhen surrendered.

[28] At the invitation of the Beijing government, Gul also visited the Uighur government and was the first Turkish president to visit the Xinjiang Autonomous Region in Uighur. [29] The Telegraph report revealed that several Uighurs have been sent to Tajikistan, a country that is ready to respond to an extradition request from China.